Regulations & Guidelines

Standard Precautions

According to HICPAC and the CDC, “Standard Precautions combine the major features of Universal Precautions and Body Substance Isolation and are based on the principle that all blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions except sweat, non-intact skin, and mucous membranes may contain transmissible infectious agents.” 1 Standard Precautions are a group of infection prevention practices that apply to all patients, regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status, in any setting in which healthcare is delivered and include: hand hygiene; use of gloves, gown, mask, eye protection, or face shield, depending on the anticipated exposure; respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette, safe injection practices, and use of masks for insertion of catheters or injection of material into spinal or epidural spaces via lumbar puncture procedures and safe injection practices. Equipment or items in patient environment that may have been contaminated must be cleaned, disinfected, or sterilized properly.



Infection Prevention Materials

Educational Presentations

1 Siegel, Jane D. MD. et al. 2007 Guideline for Isolation Precautions: Preventing Transmission of Infectious Agents in Healthcare Settings. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. pg. 66. Web. 17 Oct. 2012