Regulations & Guidelines

Modes of Transmission

The CDC recommends use of Transmission-Based Precautions for patients and residents with documented or suspected infection or colonization with highly transmissible or epidemiologically important pathogens for which additional precautions are needed to prevent transmission.

  • Contact Transmission – Use Contact Precautions for patients and residents with known or suspected infections or evidence of syndromes that represent an increased risk for contact transmission.
  • Droplet Transmission – Use Droplet Precautions for patients and residents known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by respiratory droplets (i.e., large-particle droplets >5u in size) that are generated by a patient/resident who is coughing, sneezing or talking.
  • Airborne Transmission – Use Airborne Precautions for patients and residents known or suspected to be infected with infectious agents transmitted person-to-person by the airborne route.
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