Regulations & Guidelines

Decontamination & Sterilization

Procedures involving contact by a medical device or surgical instrument with a patient’s sterile tissue or mucous membranes pose a risk for the introduction of pathogens that can lead to infection. An essential safeguard to ensure that medical and surgical instruments and equipment do not transmit infections to patients is the utilization of decontamination and sterilization procedures. Health care policies identify, primarily on the basis of the device’s intended use, the need for a device to be cleaned, disinfected or sterilized. 1

Infection Prevention Resources For:


1 Rutala, William A. Ph.D., M.P.H. et al. Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. pg. 8. Web. 18 Oct. 2012